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Department of horticulture

Olericulture

  • comparatively cheaper source of vitamins.

Eating a diet rich in some Olericuture – “Science of vegetable growing”

Vegetables are rich and vegetables and fruits as part of an overall healthy diet may protect against certain types of cancers, heart diseases, stroke, obesity.

  • Good sources of carbohydrates (leguminous vegetables, sweet potato, potato, onion, garlic and methi) proteins (peas, beams, leafy vegetables and garlic) vitamin A (carrot, tomato, drumstick, leafy vegetables), Vitamin B (peas, garlic and tomato), Vitamin C (green chillies, drumstick leaves, Cole crops, leafy vegetables and leaves of radish) minerals (leafy vegetables, drumstick pods).
  • As per dietician, daily requirement of vegetables is 75 – 125 g of green leafy vegetables, 85 g of other vegetables and 85 g of roots and tubers with other food

Recent advances in cultivation practices

Portray nursery

  • It contains 98 cell made up of polyethylene
  • Raising of seedlings – vegetable crops
  • Media used : coir pith, vermicompost, top soil, perlite etc
  • Advantage of early transplanting : early harvestTerrace garden
    • Oldest method followed all over the world
    • Materials used : mud pots, drums, plastic cans, wooden boxes etc
    • Crops : leafy vegetables, solanaceous vegetables, cucurbitaceous vegetablesProtected condition
      • Grown in polyhouse / shade nets / green house
      • Yield: 3:1 (protected condition : open field)
      • Important operations : drip irrigation, mulching, fogging systems, training and pruning
      • Reduced incidence of pests and diseasesAeroponics and hydroponics
        • Hydroponics allows us to grow plants in a water-and-nutrient solution, whileAeroponics grows them in a nutrient-laden mist
        • Using nutrient solutions either as mist or solution form without soil media
        • Crops: Lettuce, Tomato, Potato and other leafy vegetables