Department of horticulture
- comparatively cheaper source of vitamins.
Eating a diet rich in some Olericuture – “Science of vegetable growing”
Vegetables are rich and vegetables and fruits as part of an overall healthy diet may protect against certain types of cancers, heart diseases, stroke, obesity.
- Good sources of carbohydrates (leguminous vegetables, sweet potato, potato, onion, garlic and methi) proteins (peas, beams, leafy vegetables and garlic) vitamin A (carrot, tomato, drumstick, leafy vegetables), Vitamin B (peas, garlic and tomato), Vitamin C (green chillies, drumstick leaves, Cole crops, leafy vegetables and leaves of radish) minerals (leafy vegetables, drumstick pods).
- As per dietician, daily requirement of vegetables is 75 – 125 g of green leafy vegetables, 85 g of other vegetables and 85 g of roots and tubers with other food
Recent advances in cultivation practices
- It contains 98 cell made up of polyethylene
- Raising of seedlings – vegetable crops
- Media used : coir pith, vermicompost, top soil, perlite etc
- Advantage of early transplanting : early harvestTerrace garden
- Oldest method followed all over the world
- Materials used : mud pots, drums, plastic cans, wooden boxes etc
- Crops : leafy vegetables, solanaceous vegetables, cucurbitaceous vegetablesProtected condition
- Grown in polyhouse / shade nets / green house
- Yield: 3:1 (protected condition : open field)
- Important operations : drip irrigation, mulching, fogging systems, training and pruning
- Reduced incidence of pests and diseasesAeroponics and hydroponics
- Hydroponics allows us to grow plants in a water-and-nutrient solution, whileAeroponics grows them in a nutrient-laden mist
- Using nutrient solutions either as mist or solution form without soil media
- Crops: Lettuce, Tomato, Potato and other leafy vegetables